New technologies and engaging / retaining key population at higher risk in the HIV treatment cascade in the Asian Pacific: A systematic review of literature

Stream: HIV Treatment: Issues in uptake and adherence
Date: Thursday, 31 March 2016
Time: 1.45 pm – 3.00 pm


Introduction: This literature review was conducted to examine the impact of new technologies in the engagement and retention of key populations in the HIV treatment cascade, focusing on the Asia-Pacific region. Methods: The review was informed by PRISMA and Cochrane guidelines for the conduct of systematic reviews. The scope of search strategy included studies published in English, between 2010 and 2014. A wide range of Medical Subject Heading terms, subject headings, keywords and controlled vocabulary search terms derived from review questions for each the databases were used to ensure a broad coverage of published studies in the review. Studies were excluded if they were conducted outside the Asia-Pacific region or did not include key populations at higher risk of HIV. Results: The database search identified 4964 records. After preliminary screening of titles and abstract, 172 records were examined in full, resulting in, a final set of 50 records that met review criteria for further data extraction, including: five randomised controlled trials; six systematic reviews; and one meta-analysis. Most studies (38%) were observational studies. Ten studies (20%) were either quasi-experimental studies or impact evaluation of what was achieved by eHealth and mHealth initiatives. Among the included primary studies, the studies were mostly conducted in China (26%), followed by India (23%) and Australia (17%). Conclusions: Upon completion, this review will summarise the findings of existing research regarding the efficacy of new technologies in engaging and retaining key populations, from the Asia-Pacific region, in the HIV treatment cascade.


Julianita Purnomo (Presenter), The Albion Centre
Ms Purnomo has over 17 years experience working in the health sector, including nutrition and general medicine. Ms Purnomo joined The Albion Centre as a qualified Dietitian in 2006. She has experience in the provision of nutrition clinical management, community based nutrition interventions and nutrition education for people living with HIV and hepatitis C. She has presented her research at several conferences and published a number of articles in peer-reviewed journals.

Ling Fan, The Albion Centre
Ms Fan is a Library Service Officer who is currently responsible for development of the search strategy for the systematic review on the efficacy of new technologies in improving retention in the HIV treatment cascade for WHO-WPRO. She was trained in library and information services.

Katherine Coote, The Albion Centre
Ms Coote holds a Masters of Clinical Psychology (honours) from the University of New South Wales, Australia. Katherine has over 14 years of experience in HIV and Hepatitis C including clinical work, education and training of health care workers, and oversight of health promotion programs.

Limin Mao, Centre for Social Research in Health
Dr Limin Mao is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Social Research in Health. Her cross-disciplinary training in Medicine, Public Health (Epidemiology), and Social Sciences (Education and Psychology) enables her to bring a range of theoretical perspectives and mixed-method research skills into the team. Dr Mao has extensive experience in conducting, analysing, and interpreting cross-sectional surveys and prospective observational cohort studies.

Lei Zhang, Monash University
Dr. Zhang is currently an Adjunct, Associated Professor at Monash University. He completed his Bachelor and Masters in Mathematics at the University of Sydney in 2002. He then pursued his PhD in Medicine in the University of New South Wales in Microbiology. In 2006, he accepted a postdoctoral position offer at Humboldt University Berlin and researched on topics of bioinformatics. In 2007, he became a visiting scholar at Bar-Ilan University Israel. In 2008, he enrolled in a Master of Public Health and completed it in 2009. In the same year he accepted a full-time research position in the Kirby Institute.